History of the Uckermark Youth Concentration Camp for Girls and Young Women and Later Extermination Site

1928 The social and welfare policy makers' demands for a "law for the preservation of the Reich" [Reichsbewahrungsgesetz] and for the establishment of "preservation institutions" [Bewahrungsanstalten] become more concrete
1932 Emergency decrees
1936 Heinrich Himmler assumes command of the SS and the police
1938 Male prisoners from the Sachsenhausen Concentration Camp construct the Ravensbrück Women's Concentration Camp
1939 The first women are deported from the Lichtenburg Concentration Camp to Ravensbrück
Aug 1940 The first boys and young men are deported to the "youth protection camp" in Moringen
1941 The decision is made to build the Uckermark "youth protection camp"
1942 The Ravensbrück Siemens factories are constructed
Jun 1942 The first 70 girls are deported to the Uckermark Concentration Camp
Aug 1942 200 girls and young women are already imprisoned there
by Jan 1945 Around 1,000–1,200 girls and young women in total are imprisoned
Jan 1945 A large part of the Uckermark Concentration Camp is evacuated, detached and made into an extermination camp for women from the Ravensbrück Women's Concentration Camp
Jan-Apr 1945 5,000 of the roughly 6,000 women sent to the extermination camp are murdered by lethal injection, poisonous gas, or by the dire living conditions there
Apr 1945 The 40–60 prisoners remaining in the Uckermark Concentration Camp leave with camp commanders and wardens in three groups; they travel to the north and are liberated in different places
Apr 30, 1945 The Red Army liberates the Ravensbrück Women's Concentration Camp
Jun-Jul 1945 The Uckermark Concentration Camp is used as a military hospital for sick and infirm prisoners. The barracks are burned down after the military hospital is closed
1945-1993 The entire concentration camp complex (Ravensbrück, Uckermark, Siemens) is put to military use by the Red Army and later the CIS troops

Ravensbrück and Uckermark Camp Site

Lagerplan mit  Legende
  1. Straße der Nationen [street name]
  2. SS residence
  3. Administration building [Kommandantur]
  4. Camp entrance
  5. Bath
  6. Roll call area
  7. Jewish blocks
  8. Sick quarters
  9. Block 10
  10. Punishment block
  11. Camp street
  12. Industrial area
  13. Men's camp
  14. Uckermark
  15. Siemens factory
  16. Siemens camp
  17. Pulp mill
  18. Tent
  19. Execution corridor
  20. Bunker
  21. Gas chamber
  22. Crematorium
  23. Burial ground
  24. Memorial

Click on the following link for more information on: "The Uckermark Former Youth Concentration Camp for Girls and Young Women and Later Extermination Site (1942–1945)"