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Timeline KZ Uckermark

Timeline of the Ravensbrück Concentration Camp and the Uckermark Concentration Camp and later Extermination Site

1928The social and welfare policy makers’ demands for a “law for the preservation of the Reich” [Reichsbewahrungsgesetz] and for the establishment of “preservation institutions” [Bewahrungsanstalten] become more concrete
1932Emergency decrees
1936Heinrich Himmler assumes command of the SS and the police
1938Male prisoners from the Sachsenhausen Concentration Camp construct the Ravensbrück Women’s Concentration Camp
1939The first women are deported from the Lichtenburg Concentration Camp to Ravensbrück
Aug 1940The first boys and young men are deported to the “youth protection camp” in Moringen
1941The decision is made to build the Uckermark “youth protection camp”
1942The Ravensbrück Siemens factories are constructed
Jun 1942The first 70 girls are deported to the Uckermark Concentration Camp
Aug 1942200 girls and young women are already imprisoned there
by Jan 1945Around 1,000–1,200 girls and young women in total are imprisoned
Jan 1945A large part of the Uckermark Concentration Camp is evacuated, detached and made into an extermination camp for women from the Ravensbrück Women’s Concentration Camp
Jan-Apr 19455,000 of the roughly 6,000 women sent to the extermination camp are murdered by lethal injection, poisonous gas, or by the dire living conditions there
Apr 1945The 40–60 prisoners remaining in the Uckermark Concentration Camp leave with camp commanders and wardens in three groups; they travel to the north and are liberated in different places
Apr 30, 1945The Red Army liberates the Ravensbrück Women’s Concentration Camp
Jun-Jul 1945The Uckermark Concentration Camp is used as a military hospital for sick and infirm prisoners. The barracks are burned down after the military hospital is closed
1945-1993The entire concentration camp complex (Ravensbrück, Uckermark, Siemens) is put to military use by the Red Army and later the CIS troops



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